Clematis is an ornamental, profusely blooming liana, which gardeners widely use to decorate their personal plot. Breeders have bred many varieties of flower, the variety of Purpurea Plena Elegance successfully withstands competition from new products.
Purpurea Plena Elegance is a hybrid clematis variety belonging to the Viticella group. It was bred in 1899 in France. The authorship is attributed to two famous breeders - F. Morel and E. Andre. Which of them created the hybrid is still not known for certain. It belongs to the third pruning group - flowers are formed mainly on the shoots of the current season. The variety is almost unique - among the clematis of the third group, terry trimming is extremely rare.
The length of the liana reaches 2.5–3.5 m. In especially favorable conditions it can stretch up to 4 m. Growth rates are average. Stems are densely leafy, leaves are oval, oppositely located.
Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance is a medium-length liana that independently clings to a support (and in its absence, curls along the ground)
Flowering begins in the last decade of June and lasts at least until the beginning of September (if you are lucky with the weather, then until the end of this month). In the first year after planting, you can not wait for it - clematis first needs to build up the root system, all the forces go to this.
Flowers of the Purpurea Plena Elegance variety are very different from most clematis
The buds are directed upwards, less often to the sides. For clematis Purpurea Plena, elegans is rather atypical - a double flower devoid of stamens and pistils. The flowers are relatively small (5–8 cm in diameter), but this is compensated by their number. Up to 150 buds open on one shoot. The color of the petals is unique in each case - it depends on the quality of the substrate and illumination. Only the blossoming flowers are painted in deep scarlet, cherry. Gradually, they fade in the sun, becoming dark crimson, crimson or purple with a noticeable purple undertone.
The relatively small size of flowers in Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance is more than compensated for by the abundance and duration of flowering
This clematis is sometimes marketed under the name Royal Velvet, which is confusing as Evifour is sold under the same name. Elegance owes such a "nickname" to Purpurea Plena to the unusual fleecy texture of the petals. True, it disappears closer to the beginning of autumn.
One of the main reasons for the popularity of the variety among Russian gardeners is frost resistance down to -40 ° C. This makes it possible to grow clematis under cover even in the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East. In summer, the optimum temperature for vines to develop is 23–29 ° C. She has a negative attitude towards overheating of the soil. Any lighting suits her, except for deep shadow.
The level of illumination is one of the factors affecting the shade of the petals of Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance in each case.
Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance is quite resistant to diseases, adapts well to any negative features of the local climate. The flower is unpretentious to the composition of the soil. The main thing is that the substrate is light, loose. Only acidified, saline, waterlogged soil will not work. The ideal option is sandy loam or loam. Be sure to add drainage to the planting pit (layer 5–7 cm). Its depth is about 50 cm. The seedlings are placed at intervals of 1 m. The root system of clematis is actively growing both in breadth and in depth.
Drainage at the bottom of the planting pit will prevent water from stagnating at the roots of clematis
The variety is almost hassle-free when given minimal maintenance. The only drawback is the exactingness of watering. He does not tolerate drought and an abundance of moisture in the soil. Therefore, select a site for the plant without groundwater close to the surface (1.5 m or more). You also need annual pruning, otherwise very few buds are formed the next season.
Only vegetative methods are suitable for reproduction. If seeds are planted, the varietal characteristics of Purpurea Plena Elegance will not be preserved in seedlings.
In landscape design, a vine, independently twisting along a support without any garters, clinging to it with antennae, is used very widely. Purpurea Plena Elegance will decorate any gazebo, veranda, decorative arch, fence, wall of the building, create a beautiful background for any decorative leafy shrubs and flower beds. Like any clematis, it looks good with roses, especially with climbing roses. Due to its unpretentiousness, it can be used to mask any unsightly corners on the site. And sometimes the liana is simply allowed to curl on the ground like a ground cover plant (one clematis will cover an area of 3-4 m²).
Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance will decorate any unsightly building or wall on the site
The most important agrotechnical measure for this clematis is watering. On an adult plant, 25-30 liters of water are consumed weekly. In the heat, they water it more often - every 3-4 days. Mulching will help to avoid overheating the soil and its rapid drying (this clematis is very sensitive to this). To prevent moisture from stagnating at the roots, loosen the soil every time after heavy rain.
In watering Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance, it is important to find a middle ground - the plant does not tolerate either overdrying of the soil or its waterlogging
Abundant flowering means a great need for nutrients. But the flowering Purpurea Plena elegans is not fertilized. To increase soil fertility, as soon as the snow melts, 5–7 liters of humus are poured under each clematis. To activate the growth of the green mass, mineral nitrogen fertilizers (15–20 g) are applied or watered with infusion of fresh cow dung, chicken droppings. At the moment of bud formation and 2-3 weeks after the end of flowering, clematis is fed with a specialized fertilizer. This variety does not need more than four dressings per season.
Fertilizers for clematis are formulated taking into account the specific needs of the flower in macro- and microelements
The third group means that Purpurea Plena Elegance requires a strong pruning... Every autumn, when the leaves fall off, the shoots are removed from the support and cut off, leaving 3-4 growth buds on each. In this form, clematis is much easier to protect from frost. It is enough to cover the base of the vine with sawdust, fallen leaves, straw, peat, throw spruce branches (layer 15–20 cm thick), and cover it with a large cardboard box, wooden box or at least several layers of burlap or special covering material.
Like all clematis of the third pruning group, Purpurea Plena Elegance in the spring is very active in growth and blooms only on the shoots of this season; last year's stems are unnecessary ballast for him
Diseases affect Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance quite rarely, only if favorable conditions are created for this. For example, powdery mildew (a whitish powdery coating on a plant) develops if cool rainy weather lasts for a long time, rust (bright red bumps on the leaves, gradually turning into rusty spots) - in heat and drought.
Powdery mildew on leaves and flowers seems to be a harmless bloom that can be easily erased, but in fact it is a dangerous disease.
For prevention, in early spring and late autumn, clematis and the soil in the flower bed are treated with any fungicides. The range of products is extremely wide - from copper sulfate and Bordeaux liquid well-known to gardeners for a long time to modern preparations of biological origin.
Rust-affected clematis leaves dry and fall off prematurely
Of the pests for Purpurea Plena, Elegance is a danger of aphids feeding on leaf juice, slugs eating young greenery and a bear gnawing at roots. To combat aphids, general action insecticides are used (Tanrek, Commander, Aktara).
Aphids, which attack almost all garden plants, are distinguished by their rare omnivorousness - they will not disdain clematis either.
In order to prevent the invasion of slugs, folk remedies are enough - surround the bases of the shoots with a barrier of ground shells, needles, ash, sand. Dig in several traps near the flower bed - deep containers, one-third filled with beer, honey diluted with water, sugar syrup, jam.
Of course, they are not able to destroy clematis slugs, but its decorative effect after their invasion will suffer greatly
Bears are caught in the same traps. But the bait is different - corn or millet porridge mixed with granules of Karbofos. In the event of a mass invasion (which is extremely rare), Medvetox is used.
If the bear gnaws at the roots, clematis dies in the vast majority of cases.
The most common problem with clematis is lack or scarcity of flowering. In the case of Purpurea Plena Elegance, in addition to standard reasons (lack of light, improper watering, pruning not carried out in autumn, excess or lack of nutrients in the soil), this can also be caused by the age of the plant. The first buds are formed in the second year after planting, clematis blooms profusely in the third season.
Purpurea Plena Elegance is an old clematis variety that has not yet lost its popularity. Gardeners appreciate it for its unpretentious care, unusual appearance of flowers and abundance of flowering.
The deep blue-purple flowers (10-15 cm) of this abundant clematis fade in the sun when they open. Sepals are bent outward. It blooms for a very long time - from June to October, it is most effective in open sunny places. Not only flowers are decorative, but also annual reddish-brown shoots. This is one of the most reliable clematis
Clematis John Paul II-Clematis 'Jan Pawe II' (JOHN PAUL II)
Stable, vigorous, long-flowering (June-September) Polish variety. The flowers are large, alabaster white, with a light pink stripe, especially expressive during autumn flowering, the stamens are dark red. Used to grow fences, walls, arbors, pergolas, trellises. Can climb natural supports, small trees, large deciduous shrubs. Particularly good with low shrubs covering 100 cm from the base. Flowering time vl-lx, height 3-4m.
Clematis 'Warszawska Nike' (WARSAW NIKE)
Stable, medium-sized, abundantly flowering Polish cultivar. The flowers are dark, purple-violet with golden stamens, open from June to September. Ideal for planting near fences, walls, gazebos, pergolas, trellises, etc. Can climb natural supports, eg. small trees and shrubs. Especially good for growing in large containers on balconies and terraces. Flowering time vl-lx, height 2-3m.
The oldest and most popular, abundant flowering variety. Reaches 3 m. Flowers are violet, 13 cm in diameter, VI-IX. Needs strong pruning. Recommended to be planted near walls, arbors and other supports, or between shrubs and perennial herbaceous plants. Good plant for growing in containers.
Comtesse de bouchaud (Comtes Debusho). Jacqueman's group (F. Morel - F. Morel. Until 1906).
Shrub vine 2-3 m long with brown shoots. Leaves are compound (pinnate), from 5 pointed-ovate leaflets, dense. Pointed elliptical buds look up. The flowers are open, cupped, 10-16 cm in diameter, on long peduncles (up to 18 cm). There are 6 sepals, they are pointed-elliptical, with slightly wavy edges, pink with a violet tinge (or violet-pink), with brighter purple veins. Anthers cream (light yellow). Blooms profusely in summer (July-August) on the shoots of the current year. Ties single seeds. Needs pruning. Recommended universally for vertical landscaping.
Ernest Markham (Ernest Markham). Jacqueman's group (E. Markham - E. Markham. 1936 s).
Shrub vine 2.5-3.5 m long. The leaves are trifoliate with whole, less often dissected, oblong-ovate leaves. The buds are directed upwards. The flowers are open, 12-14 cm in diameter. Sepals 5-6, they are wide, often elliptical with wavy edges, go behind each other, red-crimson. Anthers are light (light brownish). It blooms from the second half of summer until frost. Ties single seeds. Shoot-forming ability is good.
'Blekitny Aniol' (BLUE ANGEL), Stefan Franczak, Poland, 1987 -1988
A healthy and moderately growing Polish cultivar, abundantly flowering, 2-3 meters high. Flowers 8-12 cm in diameter, light blue, with wavy edges and yellow-green stamens, bloom from July until frost. Petals 4-6. 3 trimming group.
Especially good for growing near fences, walls, gazebos, pergolas, trellises, etc. Can climb natural supports, eg. small trees and shrubs. Ideal for growing in large containers on terraces and balconies, it goes well with dark clematis and climbing red roses.
Planting and leaving
In order for the vine to fully unfold in all its glory, it is necessary to choose the right variety for each region. The survival rate of the plant and the intensity of flowering will depend on this. When looking for clematis of 3 groups of pruning varieties for the Urals, you should pay attention to the following categories:
To make it easier to choose clematis of the 3rd group for growing in the Urals, you just need to pay attention to the belonging of the variety to one of the categories.
In July, simple and double bells appear on perennial vines that have been heavily cut in the fall. The peculiarity of these varieties of clematis is that the lower the shoots are cut after flowering, the more abundant the formation of buds on young branches and the larger the flowers.
Polish clematis Mazury was bred in the first decade of the 21st century, the originator is S. Marchinsky. This is a winter-hardy plant of medium height, no more than three meters. Stems are herbaceous, green, leaves are simple, solitary. Terry flowers up to 16-18 cm in diameter.The sepals are lavender blue, with light yellow stamens in the center. About 200 beautiful double balls bloom on one bush at the same time. The first description of clematis Mazuri appeared relatively recently, but the variety has already won several prizes at international festivals and the love of gardeners around the world.
Silver medalist of the international exhibition "Greens is Life" in 2006 Clematis Mazovshe is a late variety of giant flowers. A vigorous plant with a length exceeding 3.5 meters. All summer until autumn, the bush is a fireworks display of burgundy-red shades, strewn with flowers 20 cm in diameter, with velvety wide petals. The center is a hedgehog of lilac anthers on cream legs. The awakening of the plant is in the spring, when the first shoots begin to appear from the points of growth of the roots. Pruning for the winter like the third group (strong).
Low compact Clematis Perida feels great not only in a summer garden, but also in large containers indoors (in a container). The height of its stems is no more than 2 m. The leaves are single or three-toed, cordate. Simple red flowers are collected from oval sepals with sharp narrow tips. They resemble a wide bowl with a diameter of 13-16 cm, in the center there is a purple-red anther spider. The new herbaceous shoots that have grown since the beginning of the season are exuberant in the summer months. Cropping by the third type.
A Japanese-born Clematis Red Star surprises with a unique number of double and semi-double flowers. Each can be up to 14 cm in diameter, consists of 20-40 lanceolate elongated petals, changing shade from red at the tips to light pink at the base. In the center of the sepal is a pink highlight. Stamens with a pistil are yellow-white. The variety is medium-sized, up to 2 meters. Low frost resistance. Good immunity to diseases of the species.
A novelty of the new millennium, Clematis Rooguchi is the winner of many prizes at international exhibitions. Bred by Japanese breeders. The variety has features - stems from 1 to 2 m long cannot wrap around the supports on their own, vertical gardening only when fastened. The flowers are medium-sized, unopened blue bells hanging on long legs. Pruning is strong - to the soil, in the fall. The formation of bells on new herbaceous shoots.
Exotic clematis The gray bird will not leave indifferent any contemplator of its fantastic flowers. Six long, narrow purple or blue, twisted, spaced apart petals, connected by purple anthers in the center, is an extraordinarily beautiful sight. And there are more than 100 such inflorescences on one bush. Liana shrub does not have the ability to climb vertical supports. If you don't fix it on the trellis, it will appear as an exotic oriental carpet. The length of the branches does not exceed 2 meters. Pruned strongly, to the ground.
The lower the pruning, the more abundant flowering next year.
In the Zhakman group, the clematis Tai Dai hybrid is famous for the rare coloration of large flowers. The inflorescences of fantastic beauty seem to have just come out of the brush of an impressionist artist: on a white background of wide corrugated petals, stains and strokes of a delicate light purple color. Such a plant will not get lost in the garden of Eden. The length of the branches in a warm climate is more than 4 m, in the Middle Lane - about 2 m. The group of bush formation is the third. The rave reviews for Clematis Tai Dai appeared immediately after its presentation in 2006, in America where it comes from. On the territory of Russia it is not yet very widespread, but most likely, this is a matter of the near future.
Small-flowered clematis Sweet Summer Love blooms from July to September. A tall plant with long branches over three meters in length gracefully wraps around any vertical support. It looks no less impressive as a ground cover decoration of the landscape. Behind the purple-red flowers 3-4 cm across, beautiful dark green leaves are not visible. The variety has a bright aroma, thanks to which reviews of Clematis Sweet Summer Love are always only enthusiastic. The pruning is strong, up to the second knot.
Basically, the "Ashva" variety is used for decorating the landscapes of the territories. Clematis will decorate the arches, make them lush, because the flowers are large, any area of the site will look amazing. Plants are also used to decorate walls, terraces, gazebos or props.
The world of flowers is mysterious and wonderful. Thousands of different plants surround us and decorate our gardens. Flowers are intermediaries between people. With their help, we express feelings, mood, create romantic corners in our gardens. To create a certain atmosphere, you need to choose the right colors.
In the summer, the garden becomes our second home, which is why it is so important to equip it with cozy corners of flowers for communication with family, meeting friends or for solitude. After a hard day at work, you want to relax in the garden, enjoy the peace and quiet
A corner with white flowers will help create a romantic atmosphere in the garden. In the evening, in the moonlight, they fill the garden with radiant radiance. If the red and blue flowers are almost indistinguishable at dusk, then the white ones shine like stars.
White is the purest and lightest of all, it calms and brings peace of mind. In Christianity, white personifies life, goodness, it is a symbol of light and day, faith, purity, innocence. Angels and saints are usually depicted in white.
The white color is universal, as it simultaneously conveys the shine of light and the coldness of ice, the feeling of freshness and coolness. People with different personalities like him. This color is multifaceted, it can accompany any color and shade, illuminate the shady corners of the garden with its fabulous light.
White flowers emphasize and enhance the color of other flowers, dispel darkness in shaded corners, soften sharp color contrasts, and therefore their presence in every garden is so desirable.
In the evening, at dusk, a flower bed with white flowers, trellises and arches entwined with white clematis, will give the garden a certain mystery, create an atmosphere of kindness and comfort.
What varieties of clematis can be used to create such romantic corners in the shady areas of your garden? There are about 800 varieties of clematis with white sepals in the world. Here is some of them.
Sz. Marczynski, Poland, 1993. The variety was awarded a gold medal at the international exhibition Plantarium in 2005.
Mr. W. S. Callick, New Zealand, 1956
A.N. Volosenko-Valenis, M.A. Beskaravaynaya, Ukraine, 1964
Anderson-Henri, UK, 1870
M. Johnson, Sweden, 1982, Atragene Group.
It is unlikely that any other plant can easily and permanently create a cozy atmosphere in your garden. In the evening garden, the white flowers of clematis have a special magical power; at dusk they emit a mysterious light.
Remember that the purchased seedling will become an adult and will begin to bloom profusely only 3-4 years after planting.