So another summer cottage season has passed, and I wanted to share my experience with fellow gardeners. I am lucky to meet interesting people, and now I am also lucky with new country neighbors who came here from Valdai two years ago. They very quickly, with enviable persistence and hard work, developed an abandoned site and surprised everyone with a rich harvest of cucumbers, tomatoes and other vegetables. At the same time, they, without hiding, generously shared their experience and special "tricks" with others.
It turned out that our neighbors pay special attention to the preparation of seeds for planting. I also adopted the advice received from them and was very surprised and pleased with the results. If earlier there were problems with the germination of seeds, sometimes it was necessary to transplant them several times, but this year everything sprouted up quickly, and the seedlings were excellent, and the whole secret is that the seeds must be soaked in special solutions from herbs and compost, and if it is possible finding some fresh manure is even better.
These healing solutions are prepared as follows: for 1 liter of water I add a full tablespoon of manure or compost, there is also an infusion of dry chamomile, valerian, nettle. Necessarily a few crystals of potassium permanganate and a drop or two of garlic juice. It should be remembered that such an infusion promotes active germination and growth of seeds of tomatoes, cucumbers, beets, salads and carrots. A preparation made from an infusion of one chamomile is very useful for beans, radishes and all types of cabbage.
Everything is mixed in a liter of water with a temperature not higher than 40C, and the seeds in bags are lowered there overnight in order to dry them in the morning and sow on the same day. If you have neither chamomile nor nettle at hand, it is enough to add a drop of honey, two or three drops of iodine to the pink potassium permanganate, and boric acid on the tip of a spoon.
If we want the seeds to sprout very quickly, they must be awakened. To do this, I pour a full bathtub of hot water, put a stool in it or put two narrow boards across, put a box with sown and well-watered seeds on them, tied with foil, and cover the entire bathtub with foil on top and hold it until the water cools completely. The boxes should of course not touch the water. With this method, not only tomatoes, but also peppers, and eggplants, and even celery and other green crops sprout in a week.
So you need to carefully prepare the seeds for sowing. I also made a "discovery" for myself concerning the cultivation of leeks. If earlier I received its harvest in the second year, then this season, having planted seedlings in a greenhouse in May, I gathered a very decent harvest in September.
Tomatoes pleased with their harvest, I am especially pleased with the Budennovka variety - its fruits are unusually tasty, very large. The variety is very productive. I will definitely plant it in my garden in the new season. To avoid late blight of tomatoes, I conducted an experiment (I heard about it somewhere or read it, I don't remember anymore) - during fruiting, I pierced each stem with a needle and inserted a copper wire into the hole. As a result, not a single bush was affected by the disease.
And, of course, the abundance of flowers warms the soul at the dacha, they are more and more gaining places for themselves in the summer cottage, displacing vegetables from the beds. I really liked the novelty of this season - kobei. White and lilac flowers braid the porch very beautifully, without requiring special care, the plant is unpretentious.
The past season was unusual in terms of harvesting: we drastically reduced the number of seaming and jam, focusing on freezing fresh strawberries (in winter it is very pleasant to eat them with ice cream or whipped cream). We also tried to prepare dried black currants. In winter, pour boiling water over dried berries and insist in a thermos, it turns out very tasty and healthy.
So we live in the country and continue to experiment and learn, learn from each other, and also study the experience of our colleagues from publications in the magazine "Flora Price" - he is our true friend!
Lyubov Vlasova, gardener, winner of the competition, gardening "Sport"
To place tubers it is convenient to use:
As soon as the tomato seeds produce roots, they should be carefully laid out in pre-prepared pots or trays of soil.
An important point: if not all the seeds have sprouted, then you should not hesitate to plant the germinated seeds in the ground, otherwise their roots may break off. Sowing in this way can take several days.
It should not be forgotten that the soil for planting seedlings must be fertile. It should be bought in specialized stores, or you should prepare a mixture yourself, but be sure to disinfect it by spilling it with a manganese solution, boiling water, or calcining the soil in the oven.
In order for the seedlings to become even stronger, several dressings should be carried out during its growth. It is recommended to fertilize tomatoes at least twice: the first time - in the phase of two leaves, the second time - a week after the pick.
The composition of dressings for tomatoes may include urea and superphosphate in equal proportions. The prepared solution should be poured under the root of the plant, without touching the leaves of the seedlings.
The described technology of seed preparation is laborious, but the germination rate is estimated by experts from 95 to 100%. At the same time, the seedlings are strong, with a thick stem, a branched root system, with a high resistance to diseases.
As a container for sowing seeds, you can use special cassettes, peat tablets or pots, as well as improvised means: plastic cups and containers for food products, shallow boxes, independently knocked out of planks or plywood. In any case, in all containers, drainage holes must be made at the bottom, which will ensure the drain of excess moisture.
The optimum height of the seedling boxes should be 8 to 10 centimeters. You should not give preference to overly bulky containers, since during the entire period of seedling growth, they will need to be rearranged from place to place several times.
Disposable containers do not need disinfection, and used containers should be wiped with alcohol before use.
Correct planting of tomato seeds for garden
Pomidors are related to cultures that are good at picking. More than that, it was established that this procedure has a positive effect on the development of the root system. In connection with this, the seeds are usually sown in pacca boxes with a large density, and after 2 weeks they make a dive, giving the seeds more space for life.
Algorithm of the classic procedure, how to go to the pomidopes at the house:
We use a small pacca box for the soil and pour a prepared soil in a 6 cm layer into it beforehand
We make the surface of the ground smooth and lightly seal it with a line or foot, making the shoulder sills, 1.5 cm deep and maintaining the space between them in 5 spaces
We put into the grooves of the seed with an interval of 2.5 - Zcm
Sprinkle the soil with soil
If there is snow - we put a small layer on the top, and if there is no it - we water the boxes with pockets, avoiding the dusting of the soil, cover the box with a film and keep the warm time
Entrances will appear on the 5th or 6th day, until then the poses do not need lighting
To avoid pulling out inputs, it is necessary to sharply reduce the air temperature: in the daytime up to +17, and at night up to +15 degrees
· In a week we begin to gradually increase the air temperature, bringing it up to the following parameters: at night - 16, and in the daytime - 20 degrees of heat.
Spring is an active time to prepare for a new summer cottage season, the period lasts only a couple of months, during this time it is important to have time to do everything necessary in the country and in the garden. An experienced summer resident begins to draw up a plan for spring work even before spring comes. The end of winter is the best time to revise the seeds and prepare the soil for seedlings. The seeds should be calibrated, small and damaged seeds should be removed, and the soil should be checked for mold and small insects. In order for the seedlings to grow well and be strong, it is necessary to take care of its illumination in advance. It is better if these are lamps mounted on hinged posts, with the ability to turn in different directions.Spring at the dacha 2020 - preparation for the summer dacha season
To get the first greens, radishes, as well as growing cabbage seedlings, prepare the garden as soon as possible. Depending on the conditions, this can be done in late March - early April. If there is still snow on the ground, remove it or speed up the melting by sprinkling with ash or peat. Also, mineral fertilizers (30-40 g per 1 sq. M) can be evenly scattered over the remaining snow. Cover the bed with foil and leave for about 5-7 days, during which time the earth will thaw and warm up. Dig or loosen the bed with a flat cutter, leave, if necessary, for one day for airing. Level the ground with a rake and sow the most cold hardy vegetables.
Early vegetables are obtained in a warm bed with biofuel. It can be prepared in the fall, but as a last resort it is done in the spring. A warm garden bed or greenhouse can be either high, with strong sides, or submerged in the soil by 30-50 cm. In the basis of a warm bed, put cuttings of shoots, household waste, dry leaves. Place biofuel on a loose base, horse manure is considered the best, other types of straw manure can be used.
Loosen the organic matter, lay it in a layer of 15-20 cm, it can be placed in a trench in the middle of the ridge. For better heating, pour several buckets of hot water over it and cover the bed with foil or a glass frame (if strong sides allow). The biofuel will be warmed up in 4-5 days. Smooth the surface and lay a layer of light, fertile garden soil or compost (10-15 cm). After warming the topsoil, you can sow radishes, cold-resistant greens or cabbage for seedlings.
If you do not plan to use the garden right away, it is useful to cover it with a black film. This will prevent moisture evaporation and weed growth.
Cover crops are plants that are planted after the entire crop has been harvested. They help retain beneficial microorganisms in the soil, inhibit weed growth and prevent soil erosion. Cover crops should be planted 4 weeks before the expected frost. It is better to plant legumes earlier, as they need more time to germinate, while rye can be planted close to frost.