When mating is successfully completed and the rabbit becomes pregnant, a period of waiting for cubs begins. At this time, rabbit breeders have many questions about how to take care of the rabbit before and during childbirth, how long the pregnancy lasts and how to help her. It is impossible to predict possible risks, but to reduce it really, providing the female with the necessary living conditions.
In this article, we will analyze the main questions: how long pregnancy lasts in rabbits, how to recognize it, how to care for a pregnant rabbit and how to help the female in childbirth.
It is possible to determine whether a female is pregnant or not in several ways 2 weeks after mating with a male.
A reliable sign of the interesting position of the rabbit is the sensation of the embryos on palpation.
With your fingertips, you need to feel the fruits in the female's stomach, they feel like a chain of balls... You need to be careful so as not to harm the kids. The rabbit should be grasped by the ears and scruff with the right hand, and with the left grab between the hind legs from below. Place your thumb on your right side and your other fingers on your left. If pregnancy has occurred, then it will be possible to grope for the embryos in the abdomen.
For comparison, before this it is worth checking the rabbit, which is not expecting offspring. If you did not have to carry out the manipulation earlier, there is no confidence in your actions, it is better to contact the veterinarian so that the lives of the rabbits are not in danger.
Other common signs:
Some pregnant individuals do not show signs of their interesting position before childbirth, even an experienced specialist can make a mistake. Even if the above is present, the likelihood of a false pregnancy is not excluded.
This condition, when mating was not completed successfully, a corpus luteum appeared in place of the ovarian follicle. About 2.5 weeks after crossing, the female behaves like a pregnant one. If after this time the activity decreases, the rabbit is ready to mate again, then we can talk about the falsity of the process. This is due to the low vitality of the partner's sperm, as well as when the female gives birth without interruptions between pregnancies. And then let's talk about how many bunnies bears bunnies in time.
So how long does a rabbit's pregnancy last? Rabbits begin to mate at the age of 3-5 months. The gestation period is 28 to 35 days, mostly about a month (30–31 days). The term depends on the breed of rabbits, the number of cubs, the age of the animal.
Rabbits of large breeds (flanders, giants) go pregnant longer, small ones (decorative) give birth faster. The more embryos in the abdomen of the uterus, the faster they will be born. Young rabbits give birth to about 4–5 babies at a time, their gestation period is longer than that of experienced individuals.
Some rabbits, like women, suffer from toxicosis during pregnancy. The reason for this phenomenon has not been precisely established. The tendency can be explained by the characteristics of the breed, the number of litters, the age of the female, obesity.
Toxicosis can both greatly disturb the individual and proceed with mild symptoms. Frequent manifestations of toxicosis are:
As we already mentioned, the gestation period in rabbits lasts an average of 30 days. The female needs to provide peace of mind by isolating her from other rabbits, external stimuli (noise, bright light). It is easy to scare a pregnant individual, which can provoke a miscarriage.
After giving birth, the male must be transplanted, otherwise he can injure the babies and fertilize the rabbit again. During gestation, special attention should be paid to the diet and living conditions of the expectant mother.
There should always be water in rabbit cages, especially during the nesting period. At this time, the female is thirsty; in case of strong thirst, she can eat the cubs. The diet must be varied and included in it:
With a poor diet, the female will have problems with milk, the babies will be born weakened.
In the rabbit house, ventilation is provided, while preventing drafts. High temperatures, bright light must also be excluded. Do not forget about hygiene, it is better to do cleaning at times more often than usual. About 5 days before giving birth, a baby nest should be placed in the cage.
This should not be done before the last week, because the female can perceive the cub house as a toilet. If you put the nest the day before giving birth, then the expectant mother will not have time to prepare it and get used to it. The habituation process is very important in this matter.
The rabbit's dwelling should be disinfected so that infections are not scary for her and her offspring. For processing, you can use a special disinfectant or hot water with potassium permanganate. After applying the first one, the cage must be rinsed with hot water.
A great homemade nest will come out of a cardboard box. It should be about 10 cm longer than the female in the supine position. If it turns out differently, then the rabbit will not understand the purpose of this structure. An exit with a threshold for the rabbit should be cut on one side of the nest. It is necessary to make sure that the female can go in and out, and the litter and babies do not fall out.
You need to put clean soft hay in the finished nest, leave some in the cage. So the rabbit will be able to arrange the place for the kids to her liking. Instead of hay, sawdust, shavings, pieces of newspaper are used.
What is the gestational age in rabbits we have analyzed. The female carries cubs for about 1 month. The last week of bearing offspring is especially difficult for females. They should not be allowed out for a walk. Efforts of a person, a rabbit, should be aimed at improving the cage and nest for future offspring. It is possible to judge that the cubs will be born from day to day by the following signs:
If, according to estimates, the okrol should happen soon, and the rabbit does not pull the fluff off herself, then you need to carefully do it with gloves for her and spread it in the nest.
If the female nibbles the fluff, but does not take it to the nest, it should be carefully moved there. When the rabbit tears the fluff long before giving birth, you should clean it up so that it does not get clogged, and later put it back in the cage. Such mothers require attention to themselves, most likely they will not properly care for their offspring.
Rabbit lambing often occurs at night or in the morning, rarely during the day. The process takes 10-60 minutes, but it can take several minutes, more than an hour. Females usually give birth without outside help, you just need to control the process, checking whether everything goes without problems every 10 minutes. If the rabbit cannot give birth to large cubs or if there are other difficulties, then the help of a veterinarian is needed.
But how many rabbits does a rabbit give birth to? Up to 15 young rabbits can be born, it will not work to guess the exact figure before giving birth. Usually there are 5–8 babies in litters, but young females can give birth to 3–4 cubs.
Rabbit breeders ensure that babies are not born on the floor. If this happens, the rabbit must be placed in another cage, wipe the hands with the fluff from the nest and put the cubs there, covering it from above. The female must be returned no earlier than after 20 minutes so that the human smell disappears.
Ideally, after giving birth, the rabbit licks her cubs, covers them with fluff in the nest and feeds them. But if she behaves differently (throws, tramples the rabbits, shows aggression towards them), you can provide the babies with a heating pad and plant the female only for feeding.
If this does not work out, then the cubs will have to be transplanted to other females. To do this, they are cleaned of the old fluff, rubbed with fluff from the new nest and put into a calm and mature female.
When the rabbits are in the nest well-fed and warm, you should not disturb the mother, this will make her nervous. You can pick up the cubs when they are covered with wool and begin to crawl out of the nest.
Rabbit breeders receive healthy rabbits from individuals, which will soon multiply offspring. But pregnancy and childbirth of a female require moral, practical training from a person. He must pay attention to the rabbit and the newborn and follow the rules of care that apply to them.
Now you know how much a pregnant rabbit walks and how to correctly determine her interesting position.
Finally, we suggest watching an interesting video on the topic:
Rabbits are considered one of the most prolific pets, it is quite easy to breed them, because the rabbit can produce offspring up to 5 times a year. Females of large breeds of these animals come to the sexual hunt in the sixth or seventh month of life.
Rabbits of small breeds become suitable for mating as early as three months from the moment of birth. Not every backyard owner knows how long a pregnancy lasts in rabbits.
And also he must make sure not to allow crossing of related animals, including a female and a male, obtained from the same okrol.
In the presence of a small household, a pair obtained from different mothers can be allowed to mate, but their father may be the same.
A “happy” bunny can be recognized by her behavior. It differs markedly from the usual. Females stop making noise and frolic. They become quiet and careful. Rabbits begin to gain weight and are less active. Now they do not jump while walking, move with cautious movements.
In addition, femur rabbits eat a lot. But not always such signs appear in a pregnant female. For inexperienced bunnies, the behavior is completely opposite. On the contrary, they move more, frolic and are not careful.
Sometimes there is a situation when expectant mothers behave extremely aggressively in the first weeks of their pregnancy. They drive the owner away from their cage, threaten him, gritting his teeth and biting when they try to touch it. Sometimes, the behavior of the male can be monitored to determine pregnancy. If his companion is in position, then she does not allow anyone, attacks or tries to hide.
An imaginary pregnancy occurs when the mating process has ended with fertilization. As a result, a corpus luteum appears in the place where the ovarian follicle has ruptured. This condition is called false pregnancy. At this time, for about 18 days, the female behaves like a real mother. She carries straw to the nest, prepares the fluff. In order to understand that a false pregnancy has occurred, it is possible to abruptly stop the activity of the animal.
When 18 days have passed, the female is ready to let the male approach her. Why is there a false process? This is due to the low activity and viability of the rabbit sperm. In addition, a false pregnancy can be observed during active childbirth of a rabbit, without interruption. Most often, this situation occurs on large farms, where animal pregnancy is an ongoing process.
2–5 days before the cage, a nest box is installed in the cage and favorable conditions are created for the rabbit and newborns: the litter should be dry, twilight in the cage, and a calm environment are desirable. The cage must be reliably isolated from low temperatures and drafts, the nest box must be of a suitable size so that the female and cubs can freely fit in it. If these requirements are met, outside of the nest is excluded. But if it did happen, it means that something was not taken into account. For example, if the temperature in the room is 20 ° C, and the cage has a solid bottom, then the rabbit will probably give birth outside the crate.
A high-quality nest box is one of the important indicators of a successful nesting. There are many options, but it is better to make a drawer that can be easily removed from the cage when the rabbits are 25 days old and if the room temperature is above 20 ° C and there are no drafts.
As a rule, most rabbits carefully line the nest with their own fluff, after nesting and after feeding, they carefully cover the rabbits with it, and after a few days they even arrange a ventilation hole in the nest. But individual females treat the cubs roughly, do not make nests and are freed from the burden in different corners on the floor of the cage, as a result, the rabbits quickly get supercooled even at room temperature. Therefore, the rabbit breeder should be especially careful during the okrol period. In such cases, you can use an incubator.
For the nest, put fresh, clean hay in the cage, which be sure to check for foreign objects in it. It is best to use soft hay. A little hay should be put in the nest, and the rest scattered around the cage so that the rabbit herself can arrange the nest as she wants. However, some rabbits really do not like it when they put hay in the nest, they will deliberately throw it out of there.
As an incubator for heating rabbits, you can use a regular plywood box with an electric lamp in the lid. A lamp of the required power is set at such a height so that the temperature in the incubator is maintained at 38–40 ° C.If you do not have such an incubator, and the rabbits were born outside the nest or accidentally got out of there, you can take a box with a warm heating pad or a bottle filled with warm water (be sure to wrap the bottle or heating pad with a clean towel so as not to burn the rabbits), and lay the babies next to ...
Usually okrol takes place at night, its duration on average ranges from 15 minutes to one hour. It depends on how numerous the litter is and whether the female has given birth before. If childbirth has been delayed for a longer period, this is a reason to worry and call a veterinarian at home.
After the birth, on average, up to 9 rabbits are born, although there are cases of the birth of only one rabbit or a whole horde.
After all the rabbits have left the mother's womb, the afterbirth should come out, which must be left to the woman in labor to be eaten. Its chemical composition includes many vitamins and minerals that the female needs so much.
After eating the afterbirth, the rabbit takes care of her babies: she licks each one and carefully transfers it to the newly-made nest, which she herself made the day before from the litter and her own fluff from the abdomen.
This is a description of the standard rounding move, if it is not complicated by anything.
In order for the farm to please its owners with quality products, the breeding conditions for rabbits must be at the level. This is especially true for the cubs. Rabbits grow very quickly. After two weeks, they gain almost 5 times their weight. Babies begin to move independently in the third week of life. At this time, the owners of the animals need to disinfect the cage and remove the queen cell from it.
The cubs also start eating from the feeder together with the rabbit at the age of about 3 weeks. At this time, it is advisable to completely exclude beets from the diet of animals, since they are a strong laxative. The rabbit grass with droppings should be given only dried.
The cubs are kept in a cage with a female for at least two months. The longer the rabbits stay with their mother, the faster their development will go in the future, and the more profitable the rabbit farm will be. A new mating of a rabbit is usually carried out a month after the cubs are deposited. Previously, this was not recommended. Before a new pregnancy, the female's body must have a good rest.
Well, we hope we have answered the question of how much a pregnant rabbit walks in a fairly detailed way. These animals bear cubs for about 30 days. Actually, the mating itself is carried out somewhere once every four months. With this breeding technology, you can get up to three litters per year.
Subject to all the above recommendations, while providing proper care and nutrition, pregnancy in rabbits will proceed without complications. As a result, healthy offspring will be born, which in six months, under favorable conditions, will be ready for procreation.