A herbaceous plant like unredera (Anredera) is a perennial and is directly related to the Basellaceae family. It comes from the tropical regions of Asia and South America.
This herbaceous perennial plant is a fast-growing liana. It has curly stems and a cluster of pineal-shaped silvery-brown root tubers. As they grow, they begin to protrude above the surface of the substrate.
The fleshy leaves are arranged alternately and have a wide-oval, heart-shaped shape. Small whitish-green flowers are part of the inflorescences that have the shape of an ear or brush, which are formed in the leaf sinuses. They can be both mono- and bisexual, while they have a very delicate smell.
This herbaceous climbing plant is a perennial. In height, it can reach from 3 to 6 meters. The pineal rhizome looks like a tuber. In the process of growth, daughter ones are formed on the maternal tuber, and nodules also grow in the leaf axils. The length of the luscious glossy sheet plates is about 7 centimeters, and the width is 2-3 centimeters. Pointed leaves have a wide oval shape. The racemose inflorescences bear small white flowers that have a delicate pleasant scent.
Grows and develops normally in bright, diffused lighting. It can withstand not a very large amount of direct rays of the sun, however, the tree should be accustomed to them gradually. In spring and summer, it is necessary to shade the anreder from the direct rays of the midday sun if it is on a windowsill or near a south-facing window.
In spring and summer, the plant feels normal at temperatures from 20 to 25 degrees. With the onset of the autumn period, the temperature should be gradually reduced to 12-17 degrees. In winter, there is a dormant period. For this period, the tubers are placed in sand or soil for storage and harvested in a cool (from 10 to 15 degrees) place.
During the growing season, abundant watering is required. So, it is necessary to water the plant after the top layer of the substrate has dried. With the onset of the autumn period, watering should be reduced. After the stems are completely dry, the plant will not need to be watered at all. With a cold winter content, watering is not performed, and if the plant is warm at this time, then it is necessary to slightly moisten the topsoil from time to time.
It grows and develops normally at low air humidity, which is inherent in city apartments.
Top dressing is carried out from March to September 1 time in 2 weeks. For this, a complex fertilizer is used.
The transplant is carried out in the spring and only if necessary, for example, when the roots no longer fit into the container. A suitable soil should be nutrient-dense, loose and breathable. To prepare the soil mixture, it is necessary to combine humus, leafy soil, sand and peat, which should be taken in equal proportions. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the container.
It can be propagated by cuttings, tubers and seeds.
Air nodules appear in the leaf sinuses, they take root rather quickly.
Rapid rooting of cuttings is possible in a warm environment. Moreover, they need to be planted in a substrate consisting of sand and peat.
Sowing can be done in March or April. Seedlings appear quickly enough. They are transplanted into separate pots after picking. They are undemanding to care for, but they need good lighting.
A spider mite, mealybug or aphid can settle.
Anredera is hearty! Unpretentious and wonderful liana!
General description of the plant, advice on creating conditions for growing aptenia in rooms, transplantation and reproduction, diseases and pests, interesting facts, species.
The content of the article:
Aptenia (Aptenia) is an evergreen representative of the flora of the planet, included in the Aizoaceae family or, as they say, Mesembryanthemaceae. The native lands on which this succulent grows are the territories of South Africa and South America, it can often be found in the southern regions of the United States. According to various sources, this genus includes from two to four varieties of plants.
The green bush got its name from the Greek word "apten", meaning "wingless" - this characterizes the flower seeds, which are completely devoid of wings. Another name arose due to the peculiarity of the aptenia to open flower buds only at noon hours of the day - hence the Mesembriantemum, again due to the translation of two Greek words that merged into this name: "mesembria" meaning noon and "anthemom" - respectively flower.
Aptenia has fleshy and very decorative shoots spread over the soil surface. They can reach meters in length. The leaf plates are arranged on the stems in an opposite order, their shape is lanceolate or heart-shaped. The surface is fleshy, with small papillae. They are painted in a bright green, grassy color scheme.
When flowering, small buds appear on the bush, which are one and a half centimeters in diameter. The flower petals are colored red or purple. The flowers look very delicate, they have 4 facets. They grow at the ends of lateral shoots in the leaf axils. The size of the petals gradually decreases towards the center, where the yellow stamens are located. The flower is somewhat similar in shape to the bud of a dwarf aster, only it is looser. The flowering process begins in the spring months and lasts until the last autumn days.
After it, the time comes for the formation of fruits, which in Aptenia look like a capsule with chambers. Each such compartment contains a single large seed, painted in black-brown colors with a rough surface.
In the conditions of natural growth, thickets of succulents form whole green luxurious carpets. Because of this, the mesembriantemum is often used as a ground cover or ampel culture. In apartments, the growth rate of the plant is very high and with its volume it quickly fills the provided container.
The plant got its name from the headdress of the same name from the times of ancient Greece - tiarka. The numerous small flowers blooming on it are shaped like a Greek tiarca. The modern full name of the plant from North America is Tiarella.
Evergreen tiarka belongs to the family of Saxifrage crops and is widespread throughout the world, due to its unpretentiousness and ability to adapt to different climates.
A herbaceous plant during the flowering period pleases with oblong flowering, resembling a candle in shape. When the plant fades, shrubs with beautiful leaves decorate the territory and can act as a full-fledged substitute for a lawn.
With a favorable development, the height of the peduncles can reach 70 cm, while the foliage is located about a third lower. Visually, the leaves resemble asymmetrical lace with a pattern in the center. Average leaf size: 10 by 15 cm. The color of the leaves is deep green with expressive brown veins, ornate patterns and a bright core.
The length of the petiole is about twenty millimeters. Often, only one leaf blooms on one stem. Fluffy inflorescences decorate the top of the stem with flowers resembling bells. The length of one petal is three millimeters.
Tiara blooms for one month. Depending on the subspecies of the plant, the flowering stage can fall both at the beginning of spring and at the end of summer. Hot weather can shorten the active bloom period. In place of the wilted flower, a hollow with egg-shaped seeds is formed.
Among the existing subspecies of the plant, the heart-leaved tiarka is the most popular. This variety has good frost resistance and takes root in the open field without hassle. Tiarella forms cylindrical inflorescences. The shade of the flowers can be different: white or pink. The heart-leaved variety pleases with flowering in June, as well as the color of the foliage that changes from season to season: pink, green, bronze, scarlet.
Other decorative subspecies of Tiara are also in demand, including:
It is noteworthy that Tiarella boasts numerous hybrid varieties. Which, like the base species, are unpretentious in breeding. Therefore, when choosing a plant, you can rely solely on the appearance of the culture.
The table shows brief rules for caring for scindapsus at home.
|Lighting level||A semi-shady or shady place is suitable. The flower should be at least 2 m away from the bright light of the southern window. Varieties with variegated leaves will need more light.|
|Content temperature||During the development period, it is about 18-20 degrees, in winter - not lower than 16 degrees.|
|Watering mode||Regular but moderate watering is required. They are carried out when the soil clod dries out by at least a third.|
|Air humidity||The level of humidity is required to be increased, about 50-60%. The foliage can be periodically moistened, given a shower, or the leaves can be wiped with a napkin.|
|The soil||The optimal soil is considered to be a slightly acidic mixture of humus, peat, sand and leafy soil.|
|Top dressing||During the entire growth period, approximately once every 2-3 weeks, using half the recommended dose of mineral formulations. In winter, the bush should be fed only once every 6 weeks.|
|Transfer||In the first years of life, the vine is transplanted into a new container after a year, then 2-3 times less often.|
|Pruning||Pruning, like the garter of the vines, must be carried out periodically.|
|Bloom||Blooming at home is almost impossible, scindapsus is grown for the sake of beautiful foliage.|
|Dormant period||From the very end of autumn to the beginning of spring.|
|Reproduction||Formation of layering, cuttings, stem segments.|
|Pests||Spider mites, aphids, thrips, scale insects and scale insects.|
|Diseases||Rot development or loss of attractive appearance due to improper maintenance.|
Aptenia is usually propagated by seeds and cuttings.
Reproduction using stem cuttings is quite easy and simple. Cuttings are separated from an adult healthy plant by drying in a dark and dry room for several hours. Dried cuttings are rooted using wet sand, a mixture of light soil and sand, or just water.
Growing aptenia from seeds takes more time and effort. To begin with, the seeds are spread on the surface of the sandy substrate, sprinkling on top. Seedlings will appear quickly. As soon as this happens, the container is transferred to a well-lit and warm place with an air temperature of at least 21 degrees. Seedlings are watered very carefully, trying to avoid waterlogging, which is fraught with rot. A month later, a pick is carried out, placing young plants in small single pots.